Duplicated string literals make the process of refactoring error-prone, since you must be sure to update all occurrences.
On the other hand, constants can be referenced from many places, but only need to be updated in a single place.
Noncompliant Code Example
With the default threshold of 3:
prepare('action random1') #Noncompliant - "action random1" is duplicated 3 times
action1 = 'action random1'
To prevent generating some false-positives, literals having 5 or less characters are excluded as well as literals containing only letters, digits