In cryptography, a "salt" is an extra piece of data which is included when hashing a password. This makes
rainbow-table attacks more
difficult. Using a cryptographic hash function without an unpredictable salt increases the likelihood that an attacker could successfully find the
hash value in databases of precomputed hashes (called
This rule raises an issue when a hashing function which has been specifically designed for hashing passwords, such as
PBKDF2, is used
with a non-random, reused or too short salt value. It does not raise an issue on base hashing algorithms such as
as they should not be used to hash passwords.
Recommended Secure Coding Practices
- Use hashing functions generating their own secure salt or generate a secure random value of at least 16 bytes.
- The salt should be unique by user password.
Noncompliant Code Example
val salt = "notrandom".toByteArray()
val cipherSpec = PBEParameterSpec(salt, 10000) // Noncompliant, predictable salt
val spec = PBEKeySpec(password, salt, 10000, 256) // Noncompliant, predictable salt
val random = SecureRandom()
val salt = ByteArray(16)
val cipherSpec = PBEParameterSpec(salt, 10000) // Compliant
val spec = PBEKeySpec(password, salt, 10000, 256) // Compliant