Why is this an issue?
Non-encoded control characters and whitespace characters are often injected in the source code because of a bad manipulation. They are either
invisible or difficult to recognize, which can result in bugs when the string is not what the developer expects. If you actually need to use a control
character use their encoded version (ex: ASCII
\n,\t,… or Unicode
This rule raises an issue when the following characters are seen in a literal string:
No issue will be raised on the simple space character. Unicode
U+0020, ASCII 32.
Noncompliant code example
String tabInside = "A B"; // Noncompliant, contains a tabulation
String zeroWidthSpaceInside = "foobar"; // Noncompliant, it contains a U+200B character inside
char tab = ' ';
String tabInside = "A\tB"; // Compliant, uses escaped value
String zeroWidthSpaceInside = "foo\u200Bbar"; // Compliant, uses escaped value
char tab = '\t';